تاریخ انتشار : چهارشنبه 28 اردیبهشت 1401 - 17:27
21 بازدید
کد خبر : 197800

تاثیر نگهداری از حیوانات در روحیه بچه ها

تاثیر نگهداری از حیوانات در روحیه بچه ها

پیوند انسان و حیوان برای سلامتی در هر مرحله از زندگی مفید است. تحقیقات، تأثیر مثبت تعامل انسان و حیوان و داشتن، از جمله نگهداری از حیوان خانگی را بر رشد فیزیکی، اجتماعی، عاطفی و شناختی کودک نشان می‌دهد. حیوانات خانگی یک سیستم حمایتی حیاتی برای فرزندان ما فراهم می کنند. کودکی که یک حیوان

پیوند انسان و حیوان برای سلامتی در هر مرحله از زندگی مفید است. تحقیقات، تأثیر مثبت تعامل انسان و حیوان و داشتن، از جمله نگهداری از حیوان خانگی را بر رشد فیزیکی، اجتماعی، عاطفی و شناختی کودک نشان می‌دهد.

حیوانات خانگی یک سیستم حمایتی حیاتی برای فرزندان ما فراهم می کنند. کودکی که یک حیوان خانگی باهوش و مهربان مانند سگ  یا گربه دارد هرگز احساس تنهایی نمی‌کند، زیرا زمانیکه احساس ناراحتی یا افسردگی می‌کند، کسی را دارد که بدون ترس از قضاوت به او نزدیک شود. در واقع، مطالعات نشان می دهد که میزان افسردگی در بین صاحبان حیوانات خانگی بسیار کمتر است.

حیوانات خانگی دوران کودکی را می توان به عنوان حامیان بدون قضاوت، محرمانه و بامحبت برای کودک تلقی کرد. علاوه بر این، حیوانات خانگی می توانند احساسات خود را در لحظه به طور واقعی نشان دهند و نسبت به انسان ها بخشنده تر باشند.

برای مثال، یک مطالعه نشان داد که صرف حضور یک حیوان خانگی در دوران کودکی می‌تواند بیان عاطفی و کنترل رفتاری را در کودکان افزایش دهد، و تحقیقات نشان می‌دهد که حتی تعاملات کوتاه با سگ‌ها می‌تواند سطح استرس را در کودکان کاهش دهد.

اگر برای واکسن زدن به حیوان خانگی خود نیاز به راهنمایی دارید حتما مقاله هزینه واکسیناسیون حیوانات را مطالعه کنید 

پژوهشها همچنین تایید می کنند که حضور حیوانات در هنگام آموزش کودکان، تاثیر قابل توجه و مبتی بر یادگیری کودکان دارد. از آموزش دادن کودکان در مورد حیوانات خانگی گرفته تا حضور یک حیوان خانگی در کلاس، حیوانات همراه می توانند به رشد شناختی، اجتماعی و عاطفی در کودکان کمک کنند.

رشد عاطفی و شناختی کودکان در ارتباط با حیوانات

تحقیقات نشان داده است که برای کمک به کودکانی که تجربه یک تروما و آسیب جسمی یا روحی را داشته و دوران پس از آن سپری می کنند، حضور حیوانات خانگی، از کودک حمایت فیزیکی و عاطفی زیادی کرده و به کودک در گذر کردن از دوره پس از آسیب یاری می دهد.

به طور خاص، تحقیقات نشان داده است که دلبستگی به حیوانات خانگی می تواند باعث رشد اجتماعی سالم، شایستگی اجتماعی، افزایش تعامل اجتماعی، بهبود ارتباطات اجتماعی و بازی اجتماعی در کودکان شود.

حیوانات خانگی همنشین می توانند به کودکان کمک کنند تا بیان و درک ارتباطات غیرکلامی را بیاموزند، که منجر به بهبود درک و بیان عاطفی در کودک می شود.

همپنین حیوانات خانگی خانگی می توانند با فراهم کردن فرصتی برای مراقبت از یک موجود ناتوان و وابسته، تأثیر قابل توجهی بر رشد کودک در زمینه تواناییهای مراقبتی داشته باشند.

داشتن فرصت مراقبت از افراد وابسته، نیاز کودک به احساس مهم بودن، ارزشمند بودن و نیاز به داشتن هدف را برآورده می‌کند.

مراقبت موفقیت‌آمیز از یک حیوان خانگی با احساس توانایی، اهمیت، شایستگی اجتماعی و عزت نفس کودک رابطه مستقیم دارد.

برای پید ا کردن نزدیک ترین دامپزشکی اطراف خود کافیه وارد سایت پت لینک شوید و با چند کلیک ساده نزدیکترین کلینیک دامپزشی اطراف خود را بیابید ، کافیه وارد سایت شوید و در منو بالای صفحه گزینه لیست دامپزشکی ها را انتخاب کنید. 

تاثیر مثبت حیوانات خانگی در آموزش

حیوانات انگیزه های طبیعی هستند که کودکان را به خواندن تشویق می کنند. حضور یک حیوان خانگی در کلاس درس به عنوان یک انگیزه مهم، به بهبود عملکرد خواندن در کودکان به طور مشخصی تاثیر مثبت دارد. کودکان اعلام می کنند که حیوانات را دوست دارند و از خواندن برای آنها لذت می برند و انگیزه آنها را برای مطالعه افزایش می دهد.

حیوانات خانگی قضاوت کننده نیستند، نمی خندند، انتقاد نمی کنند، اصلاح نمی کنند و به کودکان اجازه می دهند با سرعت خودشان کتاب بخوانند. سگ‌ها می‌توانند واکنش‌های استرس کودکانی را که در حال انجام یک کار استرس‌زا هستند، کاهش دهند.

حیوانات خانگی در کلاس درس منجر به ادغام اجتماعی بالاتر، پرخاشگری کمتر کودکان و حساسیت بیشتر نسبت به نیازها و احساسات سایر بچه ها می شود. حیوانات خانگی در کلاس همچنین می‌توانند نگرش دانش‌آموزان را نسبت به مدرسه بهبود بخشند و روند یادگیری دانش‌آموزان را با مسئولیت‌پذیری، احترام و همدلی، آسان تر و لذت بخش کنند. البته سگ ها تنها نوع حیوان خانگی مؤثر در بهبود یادگیری نیستند. حتی یک خوکچه هندی یا خرگوش نیز، تایر مثبت و عملی را در بهبود عملکرد اجتماعی کودکان دبستان ثابت کرده است.

حیوانات خانگی در کلاس درس: اثرات اجتماعی، رفتاری و تحصیلی

موسسه HABRI، با مشارکت مجموعه Pet Care Trust، مجموعاً ۱۳۰۰۰۰ دلار کمک هزینه برای مطالعه اخیر در رابطه با تاثیرات حیوانات خانگی بر رفتار اجتماعی و یادگیری کودکان ۸ تا ۱۰ ساله اعطا کرده است.

یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد که حضور حیوانات خانگی در کلاس، اثرات مثبتی برای کودکان کلاس سوم و چهارم داشته. این اثرات شامل، بهبود مهارت‌ها و شایستگی‌های اجتماعی برای کودکان و همچنین کاهش رفتارهای مخرب و مشکل‌ساز در کلاس بوده است. علاوه بر این، توانایی خواندن برای کودکان دارای حیوانات خانگی در کلاس افزایش یافت. به طور کلی، این نتایج نشان می‌دهد که حیوانات می توانند محیط‌های یادگیری را به روش‌های معنی‌دار و متنوعی غنی و جذاب کنند که می‌تواند پیامدهای رشدی گسترده‌ای برای کودکان، و  به‌ ویژه برای کودکانی که از نظر اجتماعی منزوی هستند، داشته باشد. 

معلمانی که تجربه حضور حیوان خانگی حین آموزش را داشته اند، بیان می کنند که چگونه حیوانات خانگی در کلاسشان به بچه‌های خجالتی کمک می‌کنند تا اعتماد به نفس پیدا کنند و کودکان پرخاشگر را آرامتر می کنند. 

طبق گفته آکادمی روانپزشکی کودکان و نوجوانان آمریکا، کودکی که مراقبت از حیوانی را یاد می‌گیرد و با مهربانی و صبورانه با آن رفتار می‌کند، آموزش‌های ارزشمندی را در یادگیری رفتار مشابه با مردم می آموزد.

مراقبت از حیوان خانگی می تواند به رشد مهارت های اجتماعی کودکان کمک کند. با این حال، دستورالعمل های خاصی باید هنگام نگهداری از یک حیوان خانگی در کنار کودک، اعمال شود:

  • از آنجایی که کودکان خردسال (زیر ۴-۳ سال) بلوغ لازم برای کنترل تکانه های پرخاشگرانه و عصبانیت خود را ندارند، باید همیشه با حیوانات خانگی تحت نظر باشند.

  • کودکان خردسال (زیر ۱۰ سال) نمی توانند به تنهایی از یک حیوان بزرگ، گربه یا سگ مراقبت کنند.

  • والدین باید بر مراقبت از حیوان خانگی نظارت کنند، حتی اگر معتقدند فرزندشان به اندازه کافی بزرگ شده است که از حیوان خانگی مراقبت کند.

  • اگر بچه ها در مراقبت از حیوان خانگی کم کار شوند، ممکن است والدین مجبور شوند خودشان مسئولیت را بر عهده بگیرند.

  • به کودکان باید با ملایمت و نه سرزنش یادآوری شود که حیوانات نیز مانند انسانها به غذا، آب، ورزش و محبت نیاز دارند.

  • والدین به عنوان الگو عمل می کنند. کودکان با مشاهده رفتار والدین خود، مالکیت مسئولانه حیوان خانگی را یاد می گیرند.

کودکانی که با حیوانات خانگی بزرگ می شوند از فواید زیادی بهره می برند. ایجاد احساسات مثبت در مورد حیوانات خانگی می تواند به عزت نفس و اعتماد به نفس کودک کمک کند. روابط مثبت با حیوانات خانگی به توسعه روابط بر پایه اعتماد با دیگران کمک میکند. یک رابطه خوب با حیوان خانگی همچنین می تواند در ایجاد ارتباط غیرکلامی، شفقت و همدلی تاثیر مبت زیادی داشته باشد. حیوانات خانگی می توانند تاثیرات مثبت مختلفی بر کودکان داشته باشند:

– آنها می توانند محرم امن اسرار و افکار خصوصی کودکان باشند. کودکان اغلب با حیوانات خانگی خود صحبت و درددل می کنند.

– آنها درس هایی در مورد زندگی، از جمله تولید مثل، تولد، بیماری ها، مرگ و سوگ به کودکان می دهند.

– آنها می توانند به رشد رفتار مسئولانه در کودکانی که از آنها مراقبت می کنند کمک کنند.

– ارتباط با طبیعت را برای کودک فراهم می کنند.

– احترام به موجودات زنده دیگر را آموزش دهند.

 

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