تاریخ انتشار : شنبه 29 مهر 1402 - 15:47
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کد خبر : 208932

FinCEN پیشنهاد می کند که میکسرهای رمزنگاری را به عنوان مرکز پولشویی تعیین کنند

FinCEN پیشنهاد می کند که میکسرهای رمزنگاری را به عنوان مرکز پولشویی تعیین کنند

به گزارش اخبار دی و به نقل از کوین تلگراف شبکه اجرای جرایم مالی وزارت خزانه داری ایالات متحده، یا FinCEN، پیشنهاد کرده است که اختلاط ارزهای دیجیتال را به عنوان یک منطقه “نگرانی اولیه پولشویی” پس از حمله حماس به اسرائیل معرفی کند. در اطلاعیه ۱۹ اکتبر، FinCEN گفت که ارزیابی کرده است که

به گزارش اخبار دی و به نقل از کوین تلگراف شبکه اجرای جرایم مالی وزارت خزانه داری ایالات متحده، یا FinCEN، پیشنهاد کرده است که اختلاط ارزهای دیجیتال را به عنوان یک منطقه “نگرانی اولیه پولشویی” پس از حمله حماس به اسرائیل معرفی کند.

در اطلاعیه ۱۹ اکتبر، FinCEN گفت که ارزیابی کرده است که «درصد تراکنش‌های CVC [ارزهای مجازی قابل تبدیل] پردازش شده توسط مخلوط‌کننده‌های CVC که از منابع احتمالی غیرقانونی نشأت گرفته‌اند، در حال افزایش است.» FinCEN پیشنهاد کرده است که مؤسسات و آژانس‌های مالی داخلی را ملزم به «اجرای برخی موارد» کند. الزامات ثبت و گزارش» برای تراکنش های مربوط به میکسرهای رمزنگاری.

در این اطلاعیه آمده است: «FinCEN صدور قانونی را مطابق با بخش ۳۱۱ [قانون میهن پرستی ایالات متحده] در نظر گرفت که محدوده محدودی برای رسیدگی به تأمین مالی تروریسم شامل حماس و داعش و/یا بازیگران تحت حمایت و وابسته به کره شمالی داشت». با این حال، FinCEN تشخیص داد که چنین رویکرد محدودی برای مقابله با خطرات مربوطه کافی نیست.

معاون وزیر خزانه داری والی آدیمو گفته است که افزودن میکسرهای رمزنگاری به نهادهای تحریم شده توسط دولت ایالات متحده با هدف مبارزه با دارایی های دیجیتالی است که توسط “بازیگران سایبری وابسته به دولت، مجرمان سایبری و گروه های تروریستی” مورد سوء استفاده قرار می گیرند. او به حماس – گروهی که مسئول حمله ۷ اکتبر به اسرائیل بود – و جهاد اسلامی فلسطین – سازمانی که اسرائیل مسئول حمله ۱۷ اکتبر به بیمارستانی در غزه می‌داند- اشاره کرد که از رمزنگاری غیرقانونی استفاده می‌کرد.

این اطلاعیه به دنبال نگرانی هایی بود که توسط قانونگذاران ایالات متحده در اطراف سازمان های تروریستی که گفته می شد از طریق رمزارزها تأمین مالی می شوند، ابراز کردند. در ۱۷ اکتبر، بیش از ۱۰۰ عضو کنگره از دولت جو بایدن، رئیس‌جمهور ایالات متحده خواستند تا “به سرعت و قاطعانه برای محدود کردن فعالیت‌های غیرقانونی ارزهای دیجیتال اقدام کند.” مقامات وزارت خزانه داری همچنین در ۱۸ اکتبر یک اپراتور رمزارز مستقر در غزه را که ظاهراً با حماس مرتبط است به فهرست اتباع ویژه تعیین شده اضافه کردند.

در آگوست ۲۰۲۲، دفتر کنترل دارایی های خارجی وزارت خزانه داری، پس از افزودن چندین آدرس رمزنگاری متصل به میکسر به لیست اتباع ویژه تعیین شده، ساکنان ایالات متحده را از استفاده از Tornado Cash منع کرد. اقدام این دپارتمان موجب شکایت شش نفر با حمایت صرافی رمزارز Coinbase شد. در آگوست ۲۰۲۳، یک قاضی فدرال در مورد یک حکم خلاصه حکم داد که وزارت خزانه داری در چارچوب اختیارات خود عمل کرده است.

طبق گفته FinCEN، اعضای عمومی ۹۰ روز فرصت دارند تا در مورد پیشنهاد میکسر رمزنگاری پس از انتشار در ثبت فدرال اظهار نظر کنند. وزارت دولتی احتمالاً همه بازخوردها را قبل از بررسی اینکه آیا سیاست میکسر کریپتو پیشنهادی را اعمال کند بررسی خواهد کرد.

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